Frequently Asked Question & Answers

Ans:     It is an indication
It originates from a definite geographical territory.
It is used to identify agricultural, natural or manufactured goods identity of that person.
The manufactured goods should be produced or processed or prepared in that territory.
It should have a special quality or reputation or other characteristics
Ans:     Kanchipuram Silk Saree
Alphanso Mango
Nagpur Orange
Kolhapuri Chappal
Bikaneri Bhujia
Agra Petha
Basmati Rice
Darjeeling Tea
Ans:     It confers legal protection to Geographical Indications in India.
Prevents unauthorised use of a Registered Geographical Indication by others
It provides legal protection to Indian Geographical Indications which in turn boost exports.
It promotes economic prosperity of producers of goods produced in a geographical territory.
Ans:     Any association of persons, producers, organisation or authority established by or under the law can apply:
The applicant must represent the interest of the producers
The application should be in writing in the prescribed form
The application should be addressed to the Registrar of Geographical Indications alongwith prescribed fee.
Ans:     Any association of persons, producers,organisation or authority established by or under the law can be a registered proprietor.
Their name should be entered in the Register of Geographical Indication as registered proprietor for the Geographical Indication applied for.
Ans:     Registration affords better legal protection to facilitate an action for infringement
The registered proprietor and authorised users can initiate infringement actions
The authorised users can exercise the exclusive right to use the geographical indication.
Ans:     An authorised user has the exclusive rights to the use of geographical indication in relation to goods in respect of which it is registered.
Ans:     The registration of a geographical indication is valid for a period of 10 years
Ans:     It can be renewed from time to time for further period of 10 years each.
Ans:     If a registered geographical indication is not renewed it is liable to be removed from the register.
Ans:     When an unauthorised user uses a geographical indication that indicates or suggests that such goods originate in a geographical area other than the true place of origin of such goods in a manner which mislead the public as to the geographical origin of such goods.
When the use of geographical indication result in an unfair competition including passing off in respect of registered geographical indication.
When the use of another geographical indication results in false representation to the public that goods originate in a territory in respect of which a registered geographical indication relates.
Ans:     Yes. But the basic principle is that the trade mark applied for should not be substantially altered affecting its identity. Subject to this changes are permissible according to rules detailed in the subordinate legislation.
Ans:     The registered proprietor or authorised users of a registered geographical indication can initiate an infringement action.
Ans:     No. A geographical indication is a public property belonging to the producers of the concerned goods.
It shall not be the subject matter of assignment, transmission, licensing, pledge, mortgage or such other agreement
However, when an authorised user dies, his right devolves on his successor in title.
Ans:     Yes. The Appellate Board or the Registrar of Geographical Indications has the power to remove the geographical indication or an authorised user from the register. Further, on application by an aggrieved person action can be taken.
Ans:     A trade mark is a sign which is used in the course of trade and it distinguishes goods or services of one enterprise from those of other enterprises.
Whereas a geographical indication is an indication used to identify goods having special characteristics originating from a definite geographical territory.